Academic Referencing

Academic Referencing

Date Published: January 7, 2021

Academic referencing is used by students in their work to ensure that nothing is plagiarized. It is important to know the following when approaching academic referencing:

  • What is Academic Referencing?
  • Different Types of Referencing
  • What is Plagiarism? 
  • Referencing Tools 
  • Information Needed for Registration

What is Academic Referencing?

Referencing is the acknowledgement of work or theory that you make use of in your project, paper or assignment. 

This includes an intext reference after the fact/theory, as well as a comprehensive reference list at the end of the whole assignment, paper or project. 

Even if you have paraphrased the work, it has to be referenced since it is the premise or the theory of somebody else’s research. 

An example of referencing would be this one from Business Balls:

Studies have been done that indicate long-term smoking is linked to respiratory diseases (Jones et al., 1995; Smith and Davies, 1998). 

Here, the fact is paraphrased and the finders of the fact are referenced directly after it. 

Different Types of Referencing

There are many different types of referencing that you can use.  Make sure that you use the referencing style required by your lecturer or teacher. 

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the act of using somebody else’s ideas as your own by stating their fact or theory without referencing their work.  

Plagiarism can also be the copy information from a source and pasting it directly into your work without any paraphrasing. 

Plagiarism is essentially stealing the ideas and concepts of others.  Keep in mind that you must also quote correctly to prevent any plagiarism in your work. 

Make sure you are referencing using the correct methods and techniques to avoid plagiarism entirely.   

Plagiarism is a serious offence and can lead to 0%, suspension and even expulsion.

Sometimes if you are expelled for plagiarism, you will not be accepted by another institution for as long as 5 years after the incident.

Referencing Tools

There are a few tools that will help you reference in the correct format required by your teacher. 

Here are a few:

Information Needed for Registration

To be able to reference your work correctly, you need to make sure that you have the following information about your source:

  • The author’s name and surname 
  • Year of publication 
  • Edition (book source) 
  • City Published (book source)
  • Article title (journal source)
  • Journal (journal source)
  • Volume number (journal source)
  • Issue number (journal source)
  • Pages used (journal source and book source)
  • Date accessed (journal source)
  • Website name (online sources)
  • Page title (online source)
  • URL (online source) 
  • Publisher 
  • Date accessed

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Author: Andrea Frisby 

Last Updated: January 14, 2021

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