School drop-out rates
- Critics estimate a drop-out rate between 37% and 42%.
- The Department of Basic education stated that the actual drop-out rate is around 48%.
- Critics compare grade 1 enrolments to National Senior Certificate (matric) passses.
- Reasons for dropping out.
Critics estimate a drop-out rate between 37% and 42%. This number was reached through comparing grade 1 enrolments to Matric passes in the final exams.
The actual drop-out rate
The Department of Basic Education stated that the rate of learners who complete school per 1000 students was around 520.
This means that the drop-out rate is closer to 48%.
The Department states that the calculations done by critics is incorrect due to the following:
- The calculation done by critics does not include June NSC exams and other equivalent qualifications.
- Grade 1 enrolment figures do not include grade repetition. Grade repetition in grade 1 and grade 2 estimated to be about 17% and 12%.
The following table includes a survey of learners who completed grade 12 from 2009 to 2018. This survey was conducted by Statistics South Africa:
Drop out rates for each grade
Reasons for dropping out
- Grade repetition may contribute to dropping out of school.
- Most students between the ages of 7-15 were known to have left school because of disabilities or bad school performance.
- Repetition discourages children and makes them seem old for their grade.
- Students who repeat are typically weaker in school work and therefore more likely to drop out of school than non-repeaters.
- Many other students between the ages of 16 and 18 drop out of school due to lack of funds.
Here is what Jan Badenhorst, the CEO of Matric College has to say about having matric:
“Stopping your education at a grade 10 level leaves you with only a 52% chance of getting employed. By getting your matric certificate, your chances of employment are stretched to 67%.”
However, Jan Badenhorst states that there are ways for you to study without a matric certificate.
Author: Omega Fumba